Frequently Asked Questions

H A R D W A R E   &
S O F T W A R E   F A Q

(psyleron products)

(experiments and pulications)

(company operations)

Hardware & Software FAQ

What is an REG?
REG stands for Random Event Generator. It is a device used in the scientific study of consciousness-related phenomena, particularly because mind-influence effects have been observed in its data, and because it makes statistical calculations very straightforward. It is also an electronic device, which allows it to be interfaced with computers, for software applications and easy data collection.

It is useful to think of the REG as an electronic coin flipper. Just as a flipped coin will land in a random heads or tails position, so will the REG produce a random binary outcome—although instead of heads or tails, it produces a 1 or a 0. Each 1 or 0 represents a quantum event inside the REG; hence Random Event Generator. Unlike a coin flipper, however, the REG is not affected by normal external physical forces: by the laws of quantum mechanics, its data is fundamentally random.

REGs are used for studying consciousness-related phenomena because all of these factors make them superior to other devices or methods. Their true randomness eliminates the concern that experimental outcomes might be influenced by physical forces, in the way dice can be. Their binary nature allows users to deal with known statistical distributions, and to measure any "anomalous" change in the distribution with simple statistical techniques. Results from trials can be seen in real-time with computers, then stored and graphed in many different ways.

How Does an REG Work?
The Psyleron REG-1 measures quantum events. According to modern physics, it is fundamentally impossible to predict the outcome of quantum events, even with knowledge of past outcomes. While the REG-1 does output non-quantum 1s and 0s, these are representations of quantum events, extrapolated by quantum tunneling into binary outcomes. So when the output of an REG-1 running in a calibration setting is examined statistically, these binary events are seen to behave in perfectly random ways, with an equal ratio of 1s to 0s. In other words, the REG is an extremely refined and reliable scientific tool.

The mind, however, is apparently able to affect the outcome of the Random Event Generator. As rigorously demonstrated by twenty-eight years of PEAR lab studies, when a person or persons attempt to influence the REG to produce more 1s or 0s, by "willpower" alone they may be able to achieve such an effect. A statistically significant increase in 1s or 0s is observed, generally according to their intent.

The mechanism by which this works is still unknown, though it has been the subject of much speculation. Some contend that quantum mechanics can explain the phenomenon; others that a more complicated and less understood process is occurring. In any case, what's at issue is nothing less than the nature of reality, and the role of consciousness within it.

More experimental and theoretical information can be found in the PEAR research section of our website.

How Strong is My Mind's Effect on the Psyleron REG-1?
The magnitude of your effect on the REG-1 is measured by how unlikely your REG-1 results are under the theoretical model. Statistically, this is given as a "z-score", which indicates how far and in what direction your outcome deviates from the theoretical expected value, in units of standard deviations. Intuitively, a larger z-score means that your results are less likely to be due to chance. In practice, the z-score can be used as an index of your performance: a greater z-score in the direction of your intention indicates a larger influence on the REG.

The Psyleron software allows you to see graphically the affect of your mind on the REG-1, in real-time, as you play games, attempt to get the highest z-score, or use the other Reflector applications. The Psyleron software provides you with real-time statistical analysis alongside the graphical representations of current or archived data, so you know the strength of your mind's effect after each attempt, and can chart your progress over time.

It's difficult to discuss the magnitude of mind-influence effects without qualification (these depend on the experiment and its contexts), but the best operators seem able to produce effects with z-scores on the order of 3 to 4 within the first few sessions with the REG-1. Most customers report that their z-scores improve over time, as they practice with the REG-1. They also report that their abilities seem tied to certain subjective states (particularly strong emotions and a feeling of being "in tune" with the device), and conducive environments as well. In some cases, people claim that working to achieve good REG-1 results makes them more aware of themselves and more effective in daily life.

What is FieldREG?
FieldREG is a special kind of use for the REG-1. Instead of having an individual attempt to influence the REG-1 directly, the device can be run in the background during events, such as brainstorming sessions, concerts, guided meditations, or presentations. Research shows that the REG tends to respond at significant moments during these events. This makes FieldREG a unique and useful tool for multiple purposes. It is being used to study group consciousness, provide feedback on group coherency, and measure the effectiveness of presentations and performances, to name only a few. For more information on FieldREG research and applications your can visit the FieldREG research section of our website.

Is the REG-1 the same device used by the PEAR Laboratory?
The original PEAR lab REG cost over $100,000 USD. The Psyleron REG-1 is an improved version of the PEAR device. While both are Random Event Generators, the REG-1 is built with modern technology, such as the USB interface and SMT components. It is also smaller, and much less expensive, starting at $285 USD. Each REG-1 is calibrated according to the same stringent tests used at the PEAR lab. The Psyleron REG-1 is the only PEAR-certified Random Event Generator available.

Is the REG-1 suitable for scientific research?
Yes. The REG-1 is rigorously batch tested or hand tested and calibrated (according to the REG-1 exploration kit edition), before being sold to customers. The many archival and statistical tools included in the software applications simplify the mathematics of scientific research. If you have any particular research questions, please feel free to contact us. We provide both free and paid consulting services on consciousness-related research and REG use.

How is my REG Calibrated?
Before shipping, your individual REG-1 was run continuously for approximately 16 hours. At the end of this period, with Standard and Professional edition REG-1 units, the collected data is processed in the standard PEAR calibration testing suite to assess its ability to run REG experiments. If your device passed tests for mean (µ) and standard deviation (s) at the bit and trial level, as well as basic tests for the chi-squared of trial bin populations, skew, and kurtosis, it was deemed to be an acceptable REG device for the purpose of running formal and exploratory mind-influence experiments. To request the results of a typical calibration trial, please contact us.

Even with our extensive calibrations, we recommend that you take the necessary precautions to ensure the validity of your data. This includes collecting data without an operator (user) present before and after active experiments; using bi-polar or tri-polar protocols where possible; and utilizing further processing where necessary.

What statistical tools are available for research with the Psyleron REG-1?
Psyleron software provides real-time statistical feedback with metrics such as mean, standard deviation, hit percentage, and other parameters relevant to the experiment. Our software provides z-scores (which can be used to calculate p-values, often used as an experiment's primary research variables), and provides real-time graphical representations of the REG output. Sessions are saved and databased, for reference and archival.

All Psyleron software included with the Professional REG-1 exploration kit can export comma-delimited output files, which can be opened in Excel, SAS, SPSS, Matlab, R, or another analysis program of a user's choice. Some Psyleron programs, such as FieldREG, have their own built-in graphing and analysis capability, so users can review previous sessions. Most Psyleron software can upload data over the Internet to the online Community, where additional statistical tools will soon be available. All Psyleron customers are entitled to free software updates and new analysis tools as they become available. Take a look at our software and features here.

Will the Psyleron REG-1 work on my Mac?
The REG-1 can work with a Mac, but not natively. The current Psyleron software is designed to support Microsoft Windows (2000/XP/Vista/Server 2003/Server 2008). Mac and Linux users can use a Windows emulator (this is reported to work). Please note that there is no guarantee that all Macs will support the hardware. Please join the mailing list to keep up to date with new software releases, as well as updates for the existing Windows software.

Do I need to know computer programming to use my Psyleron REG-1?
No. The REG-1 comes with its own installation and application software, which is simple and easy to use. The REG-1 installs like any new hardware, and the applications install like any other program. In most cases, you will be able to use the REG-1 minutes after opening the box.

What are the minimum system requirements?
Your computer must have a USB (1.1 or greater) port to communicate with the REG-1. In general we recommend at least a Pentium 4 or equivalent processor to run our newer game modules, but the FieldREG and Classic PEAR Experiment applications have been tested to run comfortable on computers with clock speeds as low as 500MHz.

Is there a warranty?
The REG-1 has a limited replacement warranty that guarantees it against failure or inability to calibrate. The period of the warranty depends on the edition purchased.

Research FAQ

Can I see the PEAR raw data myself?
We are working with the PEAR lab to put all of their historical data in an easy-to-access format. When the project is finished, you will be able to download and view all of the PEAR experimental data on our web site. Please check back soon, or join the mailing list for research updates.

Is there an experimenter effect?
The nature of REG experiments preclude conventional experimenter effects. There is no "right" or "wrong" answer to be chosen when dealing with REGs, and their quantum nature precludes experimental foreknowledge of any bias in the setup.

However, there seems to be a correlation between an operator's confidence in their ability to produce an effect in the REGs, and their actual performance. It is conceivable that an experimenter may encourage or degrade operator confidence, and thereby impact the data. But this, of course, has nothing to do with an operator's fundamental ability to produce anomalous REG effects in the first place.

There may be an additional concern related to the experimenter's consciousness interfering with the REG. This may be a real phenomenon, but it seems that intent is the deciding factor. In the same way that an REG will behave like a truly random device when no person is intending to affect it, so the experimenter's consciousness should not affect an experimental REG, if they don't intend to.

What are Mean, P-scores, and Z-scores?
These are standard statistical metrics used in scientific research. They relate experimental results to those expected by chance, and the magnitude of this deviation (if any). Specifically, mean is the sum of all the values in a set of data, divided by the number of values in the data set. Z-score relates the "distance" an experimental outcome falls from the mean, in standard deviations. The P-score is a minus logarithm of the P-value, which represents the probability of achieving the "quality of match" in the data at random.

In the context of REG research, Mean indicates the consciousness-induced deviation from the expected Mean scenario (i.e., without an operator present), and the related z-score measures this in standard deviations. P-score represents the correlation between experimental outcome and the operator's conscious intent (as gauged against the likelihood of the results occurring by chance.

But back-and-forth activity can nullify Z-Scores!
That’s true! Unfortunately, while the z-score is a good indicator of linear progress, it’s bad at relating any operator-induced back-and-forth activity in the REGs. In other words, you may be having a strong effect on the REG-1, but instead of making it go in one (“high” or “low”) direction, you are causing it to oscillate between the two. Without stating your intention beforehand, the z-score would “average” these swings and bring the overall z-score closer to zero. This complicates the detection of the “rubber-band effect” as well.

This is clearly an issue in conducting and communicating scientific research in this field. It may also be an issue for REG-1 users who have trouble getting high z-scores. Most operators report that they can “feel” when they are having an effect on the REG, and when they are not. If you feel like you’re influencing the REG-1, but your z-score remains low (especially if your results are oscillatory), it’s okay! This is common; sooner or later this behavior seems to work itself out. Use a Module that allows you to pre-state your intentions, and remember: if you feel like you’re affecting the REG-1, you’re probably right!

How can I be sure that consciousness is the agent, and not some other factor, such as electromagnetic interference, or temperature fluctuations?
This was one of the primary initial concerns of the PEAR researchers, as it remains a concern of anyone using sensitive measurement equipment. No conventional physical force was found to have any association with the devices. The hermetic shielding and quantum nature of the Psyleron REG-1 makes its randomness essentially beyond subject to any physical influence likely to be encountered in a field setting. Testing and calibration guard against any lingering bias.

The fact that a calibrated device, with no operator present, produces data without anomalous mean shifts, suggests the operator is responsible for the anomalies. And the fact that the operator can make mental decisions to affect the REG one way or the other at will, after which the REG responds respectively, suggests that it is the agency of consciousness responsible for the anomalies. No other physics forces—including the physical presence of the operator—would affect the REG in sudden ways that correlate to the operator's intent.

In other words, REG devices are very precise scientific instruments whose output has specific statistical properties. When a person attempts to influence an REG device, the person can pre-state an intention for the device's behavior, and the statistical properties of the output can be reliably tested against the device's usual behavior. If a result is created that corresponds with the user's intention, then statistics can be used to find out how likely it is that the result could have occurred by chance. If the result is extremely unlikely to have occurred by chance, it can be safe to say the user somehow influenced the process.

Psyleron FAQ

Does Psyleron conduct its own research?
We do. As part of its research and technology development process, Psyleron is also engaged in basic and applied consciousness research. Please see our research section for more information on our formal research program.

What is the Psyleron Online Community?
We receive so much correspondence from people who are intrigued by our work, that we have created a forum for these people to interact. We believe the study of consciousness benefits everyone, and that a supportive environment will help individuals to understand and develop their own minds.

The Psyleron Online Community is a place for REG-1 users to share their research, ideas, and assistance on consciousness-related topics. The project seeks to engender the scientific investigation of mind-influence effects, and to facilitate communication among Psyleron customers. Users can automatically upload their raw research data over encrypted channels to share their results, and participate in multi-user experiments. It also seeks to engender a supportive environment for individuals seeking to understand and develop their own minds. Forums allow participants to exchange helpful ideas and anecdotes, and work together to explore the mysteries of consciousness. Users can download software updates from the Community portal.

Purchase of a Psyleron REG-1 entitles customers to membership if the Psyleron Online Community. If you have purchased an REG-1 and have not registered with the Community, please contact Psyleron to do so. Full access to the community may be provided as a subscription service; other aspects of the Community will be free to the public. Check back soon for Community updates.

What difference does it make if someone can influence an REG-1?
Currently, prevailing scientific theories cannot account for the mind's influence on physical systems. An enormous body of evidence nevertheless demonstrates that it is a real phenomenon. Therefore, the mind-REG effect has enormous implications for our scientific theories—it shows us that they need to be updated to accommodate this persistent scientific anomaly. It also makes a difference for technology, because new possibilities to harness the power of intention are created. There are also realms of personal meaningfulness to be experienced by users. These naturally differ from person to person, but most users report a deep fascination with seeing the influence of their thoughts and emotions on the material world.

Why would I buy an REG-1?
There are many answers. Researchers in the fields of physics, biology, philosophy, psychology, and parapsychology study consciousness in one aspect or another. The REG-1 is useful to them, because it is an objective measurement tool for the typically subjective realm. The REG-1 provides researchers with a very rare opportunity to test their mind-related experiments and theories scientifically, and generate objective and relatable results.

Others are fascinated by the concept, and want to see if it really works. They are interested in the potentials of the technology, and want to try some of the first video games played only with the mind. Perhaps they are drawn to the challenge of learning to master their thoughts and feelings, and get better and better scores on the software applications.

Some hobbyists want to use the REG-1 for their own custom applications. The Psyleron SDK software package allows home users to create custom applications for their REG-1, using C/C++, C#, or Visual Basic. Others wish to try out different techniques, and see if they can get stronger effects on the REG-1. Perhaps they are avid yoga or qi-gong practitioners, and want to see if certain techniques or practices strengthen their mind's impact on the physical world.

Still others may be interested in witnessing the power of their thoughts and emotions, and how their intent can literally manifest in the material realm. Many users report that as they practice with the REG-1, they learn to recognize the thoughts and feelings that are powerful, and the ones that are not. This processes seems to reveal certain limiting belief systems, or habits of mind, that keep our intention from manifesting as strongly as it could.

Potential users are musicians, artists, or business people engaged in creative brainstorming. They might want to use the REG-1 in FieldREG mode, where it responds to instances of group cohesiveness, unity, and emotional resonance. The musician and artist might use FieldREG to involve the collective consciousness of the audience in their performance. The business might use it to feel out good ideas, and be alerted to suggestions that are powerful enough to positively affect the group.

How can you sell a product that you don't fully understand?
The mind-influence effect persists, despite being unable to completely explain how it works. At Psyleron, our goal is to develop technologies that will help us all to better understand consciousness and how it interacts with the physical world. We can't claim to have all the answers. But we have made productive advances in understanding, and we invite you to be a part of the process of discovery.

What else do you do?
Apart from our internal research, development, and product sales, we're collaborating with several organizations to test the usefulness of our technology in educational, social, and business decision-making contexts. We'll provide detailed information about our findings in the future.

I'm interested in Psyleron, but I still don't know what to think. What should I do?
Please feel free to contact us with any questions. We believe in helping people come to their own conclusions about consciousness and consciousness technology. For the time being, if your question is research-related, please explore the Psyleron research and PEAR research sections of our website.

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